By Eliaser Ndeyanale and Shinovene Immanuel | 16 September 2020

It has the makings of a Hollywood blockbuster. African ministers allegedly conspiring against the interests of the people they are supposed to serve.

A high-powered European business hoovering up the benefits. Alleged corrupt payouts in exotic tax havens like Dubai. Buying of political power and tons and tons of mackerel. These are just some of the details of the so-called “Fishrot” scandal.

This a comprehensive timeline on the Fishrot scandal:

Former Fisheries Minister Bernard Esau. Photo: The Namibian

21 March 2010: Former president Hifikepunye Pohamba appoints Bernard Esau as minister of fisheries and marine resources replacing late Abraham Iyambo who served in that portfolio for 12 years.


Johannes Stefansson Photo: Stefán Drengsson – RÚV

28 March 2011: Icelandic business executive Johannes Stefansson travels to Namibia to seek investment opportunities for Samherji.

8 October 2011: Fitty Hatuikulipi marries Esau’s daughter Ndapandula in Windhoek.


November 2011: Stefansson together with Samherji’s African manager Adalstein Helgason met with Tamson Hatuikulipi in Windhoek. Hatuikulipi allegedly agreed to help deliver the quotas that Samherji was looking for.


December 2011: Samherji HF, through Esju Mar Fishing, concludes an advisory agreement with Namibian minister of fisheries Bernard Esau to assist the company in crossing landings in the country.


February 2012: Samherji has been fishing for horse mackerel in Namibia after buying quota holders. This is stated in a note from Samherji’s management meeting: “The result was that we negotiated with JV and the Fish Consumption Trust a total of 28, 000 tonnes for a very high price.”


17 May 2012: Samherji’s chief executive officer and owner Thorsteinn Mar Baldvinsson, Adalsteinn Helgason one of Samherji key managers who had retired in 2016 and Johannes Stefansson meet with Esau at the minister’s farm.


30 May 2012: Samherji bought 30 000 horse mackerel quotas in Namibia and started fishing in Namibia that year.


November 2012:  Shanghala produced a report focusing on how Namibia could improve its fishing industry.


1 June 2013: Johannes Stefansson takes over as managing director of Arcticnam Fishing in Namibia. Arcticnam Fishing is one of the companies owned by Icelandic seafood.


July 2013: Namibia and Angola sign a bilateral agreement on fisheries in order to provide Samherji with greater access to the Namibian fishing quotas.


26 February 2014: Sacky Shanghala sends an e-mail to Stefánsson, James Hatuikulipi, Fitty and Icelandic fishing company chief, Baldvinsson saying “gentlemen, we are in business” after they secured a fishing licence in Angola.


8 March 2014: Hatuikulipi sends an e-mail in which he accused Stefánsson of stalling by asking unnecessary questions when the deal was at an advanced stage. He copied in Shanghala and Tamson.


May 2014: Mike Nghipunya appointed as Fishcor chief executive.


24 May 2014: Hatuikulipi registers Tundavala Invest Limited in Dubai. Documents suggest he is the sole director, sole shareholder and company secretary of Tundavala.


  • Namgomar sold the Namibian-donated fishing quotas to Samherji HF far below the market price.
  • In return for the discount, Samherji allegedly paid kickbacks to the masterminds who made the deal happen through lobbying and designing the scheme.
  • The kickbacks were titled “consulting fees” and paid to Tundavala.


Stefánsson provided information stating that about N$148 million was paid from the Icelandic fishing company to the Namgomar masterminds: 2014 [N$21 million], 2015 [N$20 million], 2016 [N$39 million], 2017 [N$39 million] and N$29 million in 2018.


June 2014: Esau and Angolan fisheries minister , Victoria de Barros Neto, signed a bilateral agreement on horse mackerel.


20 August 2014: Shanghala shares a presentation for fishing donations to Angola to Stefansson, James Hatuikulipi, Tamson

Hatuikulipi and Icelandic fishing company chief Baldvinsson.


21 August 2014: Namsov writes to then prime minister Hage Geingob regarding 5908 metric tonne is less than what had been agreed to be given to the  company.


28 August 2014: Sacky Shanghala presents in Iceland. The presentation was made a month after Esau signed the donation agreement with Barros Neto. He told his fellows that “before everyone wakes up, we have to move”.


September 2014: Esau appoints relative as Fishcor board chairperson James Hatuikulipi on the Fishcor board. Hatuikulipi is a cousin to Esau’s son in law Fitty Hatuikulipi.

  • He also appointed his personal assistant Ndaendomwenyo Sheya to the board of Fishcor.


2014: ACC investigates Esau’s allocation of 10 000 metric tonne of horse mackerel to Fishcor which held hake fishing rights. The scope of the investigation also checked how Hatuikulipi was appointed as Fishcor chairperson.


December 2014: Windhoek High Court ruled that the allocation of fishing rights to Fishcor by Esau had been unlawful.


April 2015: Paulus Ngalangi becomes Fishcor general manager for finance.


May 2015: Bernard Esau with the help of Sacky Shanghala changed the marine resource act to give Esau more powers to allocate fishing rights as he saw fit.


The amendments  are viewed as a smokescreen to allocate the right to Samherji, in return of kickbacks to those implicated in the Fishrot corruption scandal.


July 2015: 1 250 fishermen from Luderitz and Walvis Bay lost their job after they embarked on a strike demanding better wages and overtime payment to match their long working hours.


26 July 2015: Bilateral agreement between Namibia and Angola on horse mackerel gazetted resulted in a joint venture called Namgomar SA Pesca, which is mainly in the horse mackerel industry.


13 November 2015: The Namibian publishes an article about a conflict of interest involving the appointment of Development Bank of Namibia’s Vivian Groenewald to the Fishcor board, which Hatuikulipi chairs.


01 December 2015: James Hatuikulipi threatens to sue The Namibian for reporting that he was related to fisheries minister Bernhard Esau and that his appointment as chair of the National Fishing Corporation of Namibia was against the Act under which the company was formed.


2016: Fishcor bought a Fishing factory at the coast for N$160 million in 2016, he parastatal overpaid by as much as N$50 million for the building.


April 2016:  Samherji HF representative Stefánsson pays for flights to Reykjavik, Iceland’s capital city. Shanghala and Tamson among others went.


6 July 2016: Esau appoints Stephen Mbithi his technical advisor.


January 2017: Lawyer Marén De Klerk registers Celax Investment Number One. He is the company’s sole director.


Six days after Calex was registered, African Selection Fishing Namibia signed its shareholder agreement with Fishcor.


African Selection Namibia was initially majority-owned by South African economist Adriaan Jacobus Louw, with a 62% stake. Other shareholders were De Klerk’s Celax Investments Number One (33%) and Angolan-based African Selection Trust (5%).


Celax is accused in the Fishrot court papers of being used as a conduit to divert N$75 million from Fishcor.


The money is alleged to have been paid through Celax via the law firm De Klerk, Horn & Coetzee Incorporated.


31 January 2017: Fishcor pays N$50 million into law firm Ellis Shilengudwa Inc’s trust account.

Ten payments of N$5 million each were deposited in the law firm’s account over two days. Transactions are now part of the investigations into the Fishrot scandal.


May 2017: The Namibian reports on the hijacking of the Angolan deal.


February 2018: President Hage Geingob demotes Sacky Shanghala from attorney general position amidst allegations of corruption. He appoints him as justice minister. 


12 November 2019: The Namibian, the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service (RUV), Al Jazeera and the Iclandic daily newspaper Stundin began publishing what it called the Fishrot Files, a collection of thousands of documents and email communication by Stefansson.


13 November 2019: Esau, Shanghala resign from their ministerial positions. James Hatuikulipi also resigns as Fishcor board chairperson and Investec manager.


14 November 2019:  The board of Samherji announces that Þorsteinn Már Baldvinsonn had temporarily stepped aside as CEO and will be replaced by Björgólfur Jóhannsson while the company conducts an internal investigation on the allegations.


Investec Assets Management managing director James Hatuikulipi resigns on the very same day and public enterprise minister Leon Jooste announces further action within the public fishing industry.


14 November 2019: President Hage Geingob appoints attorney general Albert Kawana and Home affairs minister Frans Kapofi as acting ministers of fisheries and justice respectively.


18 November 2019: Protesters march to the offices of Namibian’s Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) and demand  the resignation of director general of ACC, Paulus Noa, and the arrest of the people involved in the scandal.


23 November 2019: Esau and Gustavo arrested by police acting under the auspices and directions of Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC).


24 November 2019: Esau released by order of Windhoek High Court.


26 November 2019: Sacky Shanghala, Pius Mwatelulo and Tamson Hatuikulipi arrested. The collective arrest of the six became known Fishrot six.


27 November 2019: Police arrest Bernard Esau,Sacky Shanghala and James Hatuikulipi.They also arrested  Ricardo Gustavo, Tamson ‘Fitty’ hatuikulipi and Pius ‘Taxa’ Mwatelulo


Shanghala’s employee Nigel Van Wyk arrested and charged with obstructing the course of justice after he allegedly tried to prevent ACC officers from entering the house on the Omaheke region farm where Shanghala and Hatuikulipi were arrested that day.


29 November 2019: The Fishrot six made their first court appearance on counts of corruption, fraud and money-laundering. Their case was postponed to 20 February 2020.


30 November 2019: Two prominent South African advocates, Mike Hellens and Dawie Joubert, representing the Fishrot six in their bid to get bail, fined N$10,000 for representing the accused people in court case without work permits.


2 December 2019: Fishcor CEO Mike Nghipunya suspended from his position.


05 December 2019: the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) filed a summons at the Deeds Office against 15 properties owned by key Fishrot figures.


14 December 2019: Shanghala’s employee, Nigel van Wyk, re-arrested after he was seen visiting Shanghala’s house. He tried to leave the premises with two briefcases of Shanghala, in which documents linked to the Fishrot fishing quotas corruption case.


15 December 2019: A young woman was arrested for attempting to remove documents from Shanghala’s house.


19 December 2019: The Fishrot six approached Windhoek High Court court.  Esau claimed in court papers his arrests had been politically motivated.


27 December 2019: The Fishrot six appeared in court but their case was postponed to 20 February 2020.


15 January 2020: Lawyer De Klerk resigned as a director of Seaflower Pelagic Processing (Pty) Ltd and African Selection Fishing (Namibia).


24 January 2020: Police reservist, Sacky Kokule was arrested by the Anti Corruption Commission for allegedly trying to bribe a police officer to release ATM cards of the Fishrot Six.


17 February 2020: Mike Nghipunya arrested. He was implicated in the Fishrot corruption scandal which paid over N$100 million bribes and kickbacks to prominent government officials and their cronies.


21 February 2020: Fishrot six challenge search and arrest warrant to their premises in the Windhoek High Court.


26 February 2020: The Anti-Corruption Commission asked South African lawyer Tembeka Ngcukaitobi to explain a payment of about N$50 000 allegedly made to him by Fishcor in 2018.


1 April 2020: Windhoek Correctional Services Facility security chief Albinus Mosimane suspended after two of the Fishrot accused were found in possession of cellphones while in holding cells..


8 April 2020: James Hatuikulipi and Pius Mwatelulo charged for allegedly smuggling cell phones into their prison cells.


22 May 2020: Ricardo Gustavo applies for bail saying he wants to clear his name in the Fishrot  fishing scandal.


5 June 2020: Nghipunya tells the court he authorized payments to Swapo g party on the instruction of ex-fisheries minister Bernhardt Esau. He also tells the court he is willing to pay an amount of N$ 150 000 for bail.


6 July 2020: Bernard Esau and his son-in- law Tamson Hatuikulipi appear in Windhoek magistrate’s court for bail application.


-Esau offers N$ 23 million assets bail. Tamson tells the court his assets worth N$40million


6 July 2020: Bernard Esau questions why lawyers whose trust accounts were used to channel alleged corrupt payments from Fishcor have not been arrested and charged like he has.


8 July 2020: ACC investigator Willem Olivier, testifies the state-owned Fishcor paid N$17,5 million to the law firm Sisa Namandje & Company, and the ACC has established part of this money was used for a Swapo election campaign.


Olivier testifies Fishcor paid N$75,6 million to law firm De Klerk, Horn & Coetzee; this money was distributed to “other entities and persons”.


Olivier  says Ex-minister Bernhard Esau had large expansions done to his farm house in Gobabis, and paid the building contractors in cash – including one payment of more than N$600 000.


10 July 2020: Bernard Esau and Tamson Hatuikulipi bail application postponed to 21 July 2020.


22 July 2020: Bernard Esau and Tamson Hatuikulipi denied bail by magistrate Duard Kesslau saying that it will not be in public interest to grant them bail.



  1. Through deft, generally hand-held camera perform, purely natural lights
    and the unaffected acting of its younger guide, “Little Fugitive” explores the innocence of childhood with no self-consciousness or
    significant sentiment. The stiffness of the static digital
    camera lends rigid aloofness to the Rico’s gestures and his violent steps.
    New users are specified an introductory offer, but for all those seeking for
    the most bang for their buck and who want to see extra exclusive cam demonstrates, you are going to need to sign up
    for a quality membership. Against a backdrop that contains the cavalry, old-time drugs reveals,
    existence on the frontier and a climax at Custer’s Last Stand, Penn, Hoffman and scriptwriter Calder Willingham (from
    the novel by Thomas Berger) upend Western motifs even though also even now skillfully telling a collection of impressive human tales crammed with tragedy and humor.
    The staccato narrative features each individual gangster cliché in its initial variety, which include the mobster who
    falls in love and would like to go straight (Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.), the sarcastic
    Irish police officer (Thomas Jackson), the prodigal gangland banquet,
    and the operatic loss of life throes.

  2. She admits that she needs to be joyful, and the admission upsets her simply
    because she believes it is her job as a author to
    acquire awful ordeals for other people and &quotfeel all the
    items.&quot When she tells Joshua she felt lonely up right until
    they fulfilled, she can see the spell amongst them split.
    Joshua strokes Hannah’s hair even though she recovers his kindness
    overwhelms her and she commences to cry. During the show,
    they discover Hannah’s anxious actions and that she is counting to 8.

    Hannah freaks out about their irresponsible conduct and calls for they stop the
    vehicle. After an energetic sport of nude ping pong, Hannah takes a
    shower in Joshua’s extravagant rest room. Some sex chatbots, for instance, describe
    what is occurring as though in a function-participating in video game.
    At breakfast, Frank accuses Hannah of using him for intercourse.
    They find them selves in a cemetery, where they
    wind up having 8 seconds of intercourse. Hannah is unraveling.

    She’s doing all the things-searching around her shoulder on the street, having chips,
    opening her doorway-in sets of eight. The harmony concerning
    them promptly goes south, while, after Ray speaks unwell of Hannah and Adam becomes angry and defensive.

  3. The male brokers of Baroque Works are named just
    after numbers (Mr. , Mr. 1, and many others.), though their woman associates have calendar-based mostly names (Miss
    Wednesday, Miss Merry Christmas, and so on.). The Japanese
    identify for Uranus, Neptune and Pluto (the planets) are Ten’ousei (天王星), Kaiousei (海王星),
    and Meiousei (冥王星). They imply sky king (Uranus is the
    Greek “ur-god”, the personified sky the way Terra is the personified earth), sea king
    (Neptune is the Roman name for Poseidon, the
    god of the sea), and darkish king (Pluto is an alternate title for
    Hades, god of the death and the underworld).

    Like her respective planet, Sailor Uranus is the only one particular named just after a Greek god (rather
    of his Roman equivalent Caelus), while the other Sailors are named just after the Roman names of the gods.
    Names made use of by the Abrahamic God in The DCU: The Source,
    The Presence, The Voice, The Hand, and “Wally.” He
    claims that the final a single is how you are intended to pronounce YHVH, and we have
    basically been making use of the mistaken transliteration.
    The character was based mostly on Jay Landsman, a
    central determine in David Simon’s legitimate criminal offense e-book Homicide:
    A Year on the Killing Streets, a documentary account of the homicide
    unit’s procedure around a person yr.

  4. Sveinsdóttir, Ásta Kristjana (2011), Witt, Charlotte (ed.), “The Metaphysics of Sex and Gender”, Feminist Metaphysics, Dordrecht:
    Springer Netherlands, pp. Meanwhile, a zealous Charlotte carries on her conversion with an accelerated system in the Jewish faith.
    Find celebrities, absolutely free subscriptions and a lot more between the finest redhead OnlyFans women. The ideal a single is for free of charge tokens upon signup, as nicely as a Lifetime Gold Status membership just for
    buying tokens one particular time. Members can improve to premium routinely by obtaining tokens.
    MyFreeCams does not have the most intuitive interface, but if you have a laptop and can navigate the
    textual content menus, you will have a great deal of cost-free displays to get pleasure from before you even imagine about tipping.
    None of the best adult webcam web-sites are basically “cheap” if you want genuine conversation, but LiveJasmin does
    offer a lot of price savings along the way. MyFreeCams
    offers free essential membership as well as a lot of no cost peep reveals, given that most of the products are presently stripping for recommendations by the time you enter a home.

  5. E-learning is definitely revolutionizing the how we perceive traditional education. In Alabama, there are many high-quality online schools providing a seamless learning experience to students. Children and adults alike have the ability to manage their time as they participate in superior, flexible educational programs. These online platforms don't only meet varying academic needs, but they motivate students to learn at their own pace, improving comprehension and retention along the way.

    Many of these online schools in Alabama provide a extensive curriculum including required courses and electives. Students can pursue their interests while maintaining a focus on required coursework. Furthermore, for students who excel in an individual learning environment, the online option can be especially beneficial.

    Furthermore, it's notable that these online schools are not only about online lectures and assignments. Some schools offer interactive sessions, multimedia shows, and even practical experiments virtually – expanding horizons in an optimally conducive learning environment.

    As we navigate this emerging educational landscape, it's crucial to stay updated with the available options. I highly suggest evaluating your online schooling options in Alabama to ensure a proper fit for your individual situation, learning preferences, and career goals. Learn more about online schools in Alabama – the new phase of education is here and now!

  6. Understanding through web-based schools in Alaska can really be demanding, especially if you're new to the concept. I, too, dealt with these questions but discovered that these web platforms deliver first-rate, all-encompassing educational journey that equals classic brick-and-mortar establishments.

    Originating from the tough landscapes of Juneau to the vibrant ambiance of Anchorage, Alaska's online schools provide innumerable learning opportunities which are flexible and suitable. The snow-filled winters not anymore hinder one's ability to reach education. Current technology has created it possible to follow wisdom within the warmth and coziness of your residence.

    Adaptability is an remarkable benefit. You can tailor your schedules in accordance with your responsibilities, which is especially useful for workers or those with family duties. Additionally, the courses supplied are varied, covering a wide array of subjects. From introductory basics to complex specialties, you'll find something unique for everyone.

    Alaska's online schools feature highly skilled teachers, interactive learning techniques, and helpful peer networks, making for a rewarding fulfilling educational journey. If you've been contemplating enrolling, I urge you to take that leap and explore Alaska's pioneering online education. Discover more about this revolutionary strategy to education and how it can probably revamp your educational and career trajectory.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here